If you're familiar with Dave Ramsey, you may not find it surprising that he's been in the headlines more than usual in the last few years. However, if you have no idea who he is and wonder why people seem annoyed when his name comes up, this Dave Ramsey for Dummies guide will tell you everything you need to know.
How did Dave Ramsey become one of the country's leading financial experts? Why does he have so many die-hard fans? And, more importantly, should you heed his money advice or ignore it? As one of the most famous authorities on personal finance, Dave Ramsey touts his inspiring rags to riches story as the catalyst for building a multimillion-dollar media company and inspiring millions of people to change the way they handle money.
His message, however, is often met with cynicism and refuted as antiquated and intolerant. Known for his southern accent and sharp tongue, Ramsey makes no apologies for his Bible-based, no-excuses approach to personal finance.
Who Is Dave Ramsey
As the CEO of Ramsey Solutions, Ramsey's extensive resume includes:
- A chart-topping radio show
- Thriving YouTube channels
- Multiple best-selling books
- A roster of Ramsey Personalities who help him spread his evangelical message of financial hope around the interwebs
- And much more
Born and raised in Tennessee, he started a lawn care service at the ripe age of twelve. After high school, Ramsey parlayed his early business experience into a successful real estate career, amassing a portfolio of over 4 million dollars by the age of 26. In his own words, Ramsey says, “about that time we started going to church, and I met God in the process, and a weird thing happened. It was right around that time that everything started falling apart.” (source)
As his story goes, just two years later, he found himself in a completely different financial situation – broke and bankrupt. Here's the short version: multiple banks decided to “call his notes” around the same time requiring Ramsey to come up with almost two million dollars. While he was able to pay back the majority of the money he owed, eventually, a lawsuit resulted in a judgment that forced Ramsey to give up his fight and file for bankruptcy.
The Birth of an Empire
While working to rebuild, Ramsey sought financial advice from the best-selling book of all time – the Bible. As a result, he learned to manage his money the way he believed God intended him to; these lessons would eventually form the foundation of his ministry.
His fellow parishioners began approaching him for money tips sparking a new business idea for Ramsey. He opened a financial counseling service and offered seminars to help people get out of debt, sharing his framework for using Biblical principles to manage money and build wealth. Over time, this framework became known as the Baby Steps System and was the basis for his first book, “Financial Peace.”
Financial Peace With The Prince of Peace
Over the years, Ramsey's seminars (originally called “Life After Debt”) slowly transitioned into what is now known as Financial Peace University (FPU, for short). According to Ramsey Solutions, over 5 million people have gone through FPU. (source)
While many people prefer to keep money and religion separate, as far as Ramsey is concerned, they go hand-in-hand, especially regarding his proven plan for managing money and building wealth. For decades, FPU has been taught in churches by church leaders or volunteer members; it's also available in a digital course/membership model.
Financial Peace University is a 9-week deep dive into Dave Ramsey's Seven Baby Steps and parallels his bestselling book, “The Complete Guide to Money.”
The Dave Ramsey Show
A promotional interview unintentionally led to Ramsey and a friend taking over a local radio show where he shared financial advice and peddled his new book on the air. What began as a small show originally called “The Money Game” quickly gained traction and climbed the charts.
Today, 30 years later, “The Dave Ramsey Show” (and its three 40-minute-long daily episodes) can be found both on his website and YouTube channel and is syndicated to hundreds of radio stations, reaching a combined 18 million weekly listeners. (source)
More recently, “The Dave Ramsey Show” has dropped “Dave” from its name and is called “The Ramsey Show,” undoubtedly a nod to the Ramsey Personalities often heard co-hosting the show or filling in for him in his absence.
As Ramsey's company grew, he expanded into additional markets, such as developing curricula for schools, selling physical products on his website, and even releasing mobile apps for his products and services.
Slowly, Ramsey began creating additional brands under the Ramsey Solutions umbrella, each one headed by a “Ramsey Personality.” While the brands are symbiotic, each has a slightly different focus and fanbase. Most personalities write books published under Ramsey's publishing division, Ramsey Press, and host their own shows under Ramsey's podcasting division, The Ramsey Network.
Ramsey has written seven best-selling books. Published in 1993, his most popular book, “The Total Money Makeover,” has sold over five million copies and remained on The Wall Street Journal's Best-Selling Books list for over 500 weeks. (source)
In addition to being an author, Ramsey and his Ramsey Personalities travel the country, hosting live events and conferences in churches and auditoriums alike. The events cover many topics such as personal finance, leadership, business building, and even personal development.
Another arm of Ramsey's business includes the ELP (Endorsed Local Providers) and SmartVestor Pro Programs. These programs vet professionals such as real estate agents, accountants, investment professionals, and insurance agents and endorse them.
People can head to the website, enter their zip code, and receive a list of fiduciary professionals Ramsey claims have “the heart of a teacher” and the goal of prioritizing your interests over their own. ELPs and SmartVestor Pros are charged a fee for participation in the program and must be knowledgeable with “the Ramsey plan,” making them equipped to guide you as you navigate the Baby Steps.
Ramsey's Financial Advice
Ramsey has a solid group of well-known tenets that have garnered substantial attention. Many people oppose his hard-line stance on everyday money topics such as the best debt payoff method, how much money to save for emergencies, and which mutual funds to invest in for retirement.
To say that Ramsey and his advice are polarizing would be quite an understatement.
The Baby Steps System
Perhaps the most well-known of Ramsey's teachings stem from his financial framework, the Baby Steps System.
The Baby Steps are as follows:
- Save $1,000 for a starter emergency fund
- Pay off all debts (excluding your mortgage) using the debt snowball system
- Save a “fully funded” emergency fund of 3-6 months of expenses
- Invest 15% of your income for retirement
- Save for your children's college fund
- Pay off your mortgage
- Build wealth + give
While many of today's money experts find fault in Ramsey's “proven plan,” the growth of his company and millions of loyal listeners may beg to differ.
Debt-freedom or Bust
If we had to boil Ramsey's advice down to one specific point, it would likely be that “debt is dumb.” Ramsey despises debt in any form. He hates car loans, student loans, and payday loans; he hates any scenario that requires you to give your income away to someone else. He hates everything about debt and will take every opportunity to tell you as much.
Credit Cards Are a Big No-no
If it wasn't clear, Ramsey vehemently opposes debt (the only exception being the 15-year mortgage). He also forbids the use of credit cards altogether, claiming there is no way to use a credit card responsibly and assumes their use, however infrequent, will inevitably lead to the cardholder finding themselves back under a mountain of debt.
So, if you never use a credit card again, what are your other options? Ramsey insists that cash or debit cards (which Ramsey insists are just as good as credit cards and are interchangeable in any scenario.)
demands encourages people to pay cash for anything and everything, always.
And while paying with cash will keep you from accruing credit card debt, going to the bank to withdraw money every time you get paid seems to be an inconvenience in this age of digital banking. If using cash feels challenging, the cash envelope system – a method of organizing your money over different budget categories – may be helpful but often becomes tedious over time.
15-Year Mortgages Are a Must
While trashing the idea of committing to a 30-year mortgage, Ramsey condones taking on a 15-year mortgage when purchasing a home.
The advantages of a 15-year mortgage are:
- You'll pay significantly less interest over the life of the loan
- You'll be in debt for only half the time (only 15 years) vs. a 30-year mortgage
- You'll build equity more quickly.
He also recommends a 20% down payment when purchasing a home to avoid PMI insurance. Ramsey even adds Baby Step 3b into the mix to serve as a pit stop between working the debt snowball system and investing for retirement, where the goal is to stockpile money for a down payment. He also strongly encourages people to spend no more than 25% of their take-home pay on their total housing costs.
Debt Snowball vs. Debt Avalanche
Ramsey backs up his debt-free battle cry with another step-by-step action plan called the Debt Snowball System. The Debt Snowball System is a debt payoff method that takes a similar approach to the Debt Avalanche System with one significant difference: how you prioritize your debts. The Debt Avalanche System calls you to order your debts by interest rate, beginning with the highest interest rate.
In contrast, the Debt Snowball System calls you to order your debts by total balance owed, beginning with the smallest debt balance. You make the monthly minimum payments on each debt while focusing all extra money on paying off the debt with the smallest balance. Rinse and repeat until you have paid all debts in full and officially slain the debt monster.
Now, raise your sword high in victory and solemnly swear to never take on any debt again, under any circumstances, sign your name in blood, cross your heart, and hope to die.
While using the Debt Avalanche System as a debt elimination strategy will save you money in the form of avoided interest, Ramsey still believes the Debt Snowball Method is superior. He credits the psychological advantages of the Debt Snowball System for keeping people engaged and motivated along the long (and tedious) road to debt freedom.
While it will likely cost you more money in interest paid over the length of your debt-free journey, paying off your debts with the smaller balances first does guarantee you some “quick wins.” If you bore easily or struggle with overspending and a lack of self-control, the Debt Snowball System may appeal to your personality even if it doesn't appeal to your bank account.
Give Every Dollar a Name
Ramsey believes a significant factor in achieving financial freedom is learning how to budget your money, and while you're at it, he'd prefer you use a zero-based budget. If you're brand new to budgeting, it can take some time to get the hang of it. However, learning how to create a budget you can stick to truly is the first step in gaining control of your money.
The zero-based budget method was initially developed by Peter A. Phyrr (source) yet became synonymous with Ramsey's name. He decided to call his digital budgeting app Every Dollar. “Giving every dollar a name” means that every dollar of your income is accounted for when creating your budget.
A proper zero-based budget will follow this format: INCOME – EXPENSES = 0.
Criticism and Controversy
We all know the three major topics that seem to get everyone's panties in a twist: money, religion, and politics. When you've built your mega-successful business on two of the three, you're bound to face some criticism along the way. And face criticism he does.
If you've ever read one of Ramsey's books or caught an episode of his radio show, you know he doesn't, ahem, mince words. There is no gray area, and matters of how money should be handled are linear with zero room for negotiation.
Ramsey has a large army of extremely loyal fans who can quote his Ramsey-isms at the drop of a hat, but he also has his share of critics who work tirelessly to remove him from his patriarchal throne. Read: You either love him, or you hate him.
Ramsey is as conservative as they come, and he isn't afraid to show it. A devout Christian can often be heard quoting bible verses and cursing out callers for their “dumb mistakes”…without actually cursing.
Inadequate Emergency Fund
Ramsey's recommendation of saving $1,000 in what he calls a “starter emergency fund” is often controversial among online financial circles. Sure, $1,000 may have covered most emergencies in decades past, but many people question whether it would be much help present-day as much of the world continues to experience record inflation rates.
Leaving Money on The Table
Ramsey is strictly against investing until you are free of all non-mortgage debt. His reasoning echoes his belief that focusing any extra household income on a single goal is more powerful than dividing it amongst your student loan debt, credit card balances, Roth IRA, etc.
According to Ramsey's Baby Step plan, the next baby step instructs you to invest 15% of your income once debt-free. Ramsey offers specific information on how to execute this plan, including what type of mutual funds he thinks you should be investing in.
Many financial advisors criticize Ramsey's insistence that you avoid or completely stop all investing – including any 401K or pension contributions – while you're carrying debt. Investing is a long-term game. The longer you wait to invest, the more likely you'll be missing out on compound interest you could be earning. When it comes to saving for retirement, the best approach is to start as early as possible to maximize growth and time in the market.
Depending on how much debt a person has, it may take years before their debt payoff journey is complete; according to Ramsey's plan, that would mean years without investing a single dime leaving many people financially vulnerable in retirement.
Ramsey routinely faces criticism for the uber-high standards he holds his employees to and instituted a moral code for his employees at Ramsey Solutions.
While many find it unreasonable, he cites Tennesse as an “employment-at-will state” as reason enough to fire an employee for their, er, after-hours activities or even the color of their eyes.
Ramsey has also publicly explained his rigorous (and often labeled intrusive) interview process for potential new hires, including a spousal interview. He strictly enforces a zero-tolerance policy when it comes to office gossip.
Unrelatable and Out of Touch
Perhaps the most frequent criticism of Ramsey is his perspective and the way he presents it, and it seems to be striking quite a nerve lately – at least for many Twitter users. The chief complaint is Ramsey – and his content – is rooted in shame and privilege. He takes a black and white stance on every topic, often refusing to recognize the nuance in someone's situation. Money experts often use the quote “personal finance is personal,” yet Ramsey continues to dish out his one-size-fits-all rhetoric.
There are comparisons between paying off a large amount of debt and losing a large amount of weight, and some feel Ramsey profits off shaming people for their financial mistakes, much as the diet industry does. Still, Ramsey believes everyone – regardless of race, religion, gender, or class – can get out of debt and become financially independent if they work hard enough, buy used cars, and pay cash for college.
Form Your Own Conclusion
To many, he's “America's trusted voice on money”; others would prefer not to hear his voice at all. Yet whether or not his tough-love approach to money and life lessons resonates with you, there's no denying Ramsey and his life's work have made a significant impact in the lives of many families.
Dave Ramsey may have one of the largest platforms (and the loudest voices), but other financial experts are waiting to share their equally impactful messages with you if his principles are a turn-off.
This article was produced and syndicated by Wealth of Geeks.
Featured Image Credit: Shutterstock
Kristin Stones is the founder of Cents + Purpose, an online community dedicated to sharing practical personal finance content. Her mission is to equip women with the necessary tools and knowledge to take back control of their money and live a more purposeful life. She creates actionable content to help her audience achieve financial wellness using her simple approach to managing money - all learned through her personal experience of paying off almost $55,000 of debt in under two years.