QQQ vs VUG: Which Is The Best Growth ETF?

We will explore the difference between Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) vs Vanguard Growth ETF (VUG).

There are no shortages of fund options when selecting your investments.

Choosing between two funds can be difficult, but I will make it easy for you to decide between QQQ and VUG.

QQQ vs VUG Comparison Graphic



The primary difference between QQQ and VUG is the company that offers the exchange-traded fund (ETF).  VUG is offered by Vanguard, while Invesco offers QQQ.  Another significant difference is the number of stocks in each, with VUG having 287 different companies in the index compared to 100 with QQQ.


  • Tracks the CRSP US Large Cap Growth Index
  • It has an expense ratio of 0.04%
  • No minimum initial investment
  • Holds 287 stocks


  • Tracks the performance of the Nasdaq-100 Index
  • It has an expense ratio of 0.20%
  • No minimum initial investment
  • Holds 100 stocks


QQQ vs VUG Performance

Invesco's QQQ and Vanguard's VUG have performed similarly over the last year.  However, over 3 years, QQQ has been beating VUG by over 2%.

Here is how their performance compares:

QQQ vs VUG Performance Chart

As you can see, they have performed similarly over the short term.  However, QQQ is beating VUG by over 3% annually over the long term.

Similarities between QQQ and VUG:

  • Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
  • Similar Performance
  • Focused On Growth Companies
  • Low Expense Ratios


VUG and QQQ Differences

QQQ vs VUG primarily differ because VUG holds almost three times as many stocks.  On the other hand, QQQ has roughly 100 stocks making it smaller than most other ETFs.

By investing in an ETF with more holdings, you are helping diversify your portfolio and minimize risk.

Differences between QQQ and VUG:

  • Different Number Of Holdings (~287 vs ~100)
  • Level Of Diversification (Even though both are significantly tech weighted)


VUG Profile

  • Fund Inception: 2004
  • Expense Ratio: 0.04%
  • Number Of Stocks: 287
  • Top 10 Holdings: 50%
  • Equivalent Admiral Fund (VIGAX)

Vanguard Growth ETF (VUG) is an ETF focused on growth companies.

The price-to-earning (P/E) ratio for VUG is 38.8x which is high.

The fund has $169 billion in total net assets.


VUG Performance

Vanguards Growth ETF (VUG) has outperformed the S&P 500 and, therefore, Vanguard 500 Index Fund ETF (VOO) over the last 10 years:

VUG Performance Chart

VUG (Blue)    S&P 500 (Yellow)

However, remember that this does not guarantee that the next 10 years will look the same.


VUG Holdings

Vanguard's VUG comprises Apple, Microsoft, Google, Amazon, and Tesla and provides exposure to over 250 stocks.

VUG Top 10 Holdings

The top 10 holdings make up 50% of the portfolio.

This makes VUG less diversified than other ETFs, such as Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund ETF (VTI).


No Minimum Investment

QQQ and VUG are exchange-traded funds (ETFs), so there is NO minimum investment.

Investors looking to buy fractional shares can use platforms like M1 Finance (Get $100 When You Use This Link To Create An Invest Account and Deposit $5,000 Within 30 Days)

Typically, fractional shares are not available for ETFs, but with M1 Finance, you can purchase fractional shares with no commission.

Buying fractional shares allows you to maximize your investment.  You no longer have to keep your money idle until you have enough to purchase a total share.

This is especially beneficial for shares of QQQ or VUG due to their high prices per share (~$360/Share and $315/Share, respectively).

Here is your guide to getting the M1 Finance $100 Bonus.

I also use Personal Capital to track my investment fees. They have a free Retirement Fee Analyzer that tells you the future impact of fees on your portfolio.

Personal Capital Retirement Fee Analyzer

Personal Capital's free tools allow you to easily find which of your investments has high fees so you can switch them to low-cost options.  (Get a $20 Amazon Gift Card with this link when you add at least one investment account containing a balance of more than $1,000 within 30 days)


QQQ Profile

  • Fund Inception: 1999
  • Expense Ratio: 0.20%
  • Number Of Stocks: ~100
  • Top 10 Holdings: 55.70%

The Invesco QQQ Trust (QQQ) exposes investors to a similar portfolio to the Nasdaq 100 index.  The ETF is comprised mostly of technology companies that are high in growth.

QQQ was created in 1999 and currently has an expense ratio of 0.20%, which isn't high, but compared to VUG, it is 5 times more expensive to own QQQ.

To put some perspective on that, here is what a 0.16% fee (difference between VUG and QQQ) will cost you as an investor over 30 years.

Assuming you start with an initial investment of $100,000 and contribute $10,000 yearly over 30 years.

You will have roughly $139,000 less in your account due to the fee because of the extra 0.16% expense ratio.

That does not include costs to buy and sell your shares.


QQQ Performance

Over the last 10 years, QQQ has outperformed the S&P 500 with an average return of 20.34% per year.

Here is the growth of $10,000 over 10 years with QQQ:

QQQ Performance

QQQ has performed well over the last 10 years, but again there is no guarantee the next 10 years will look the same.

Since its inception, QQQ has shown outstanding performance, consistently outperforming the S&P 500 benchmark index.

The fund ranks in the top 1% of large-cap growth funds.

Due to QQQ's outstanding performance, the fund has become one of the most popular funds among long-term investors.

It now has $135 billion in total assets.


QQQ Holdings

QQQ is the fourth-most popular ETF in the world, with 102 securities holdings, most of which are top technological companies.

These companies cut across various industries, including:

  • Cloud Computing
  • Payment Services
  • Electric Vehicles
  • Data Collection

QQQ excludes financial companies.  Invesco's QQQ is a large capitalization index focused on technology companies.

Here are the top holdings for QQQ:

QQQ Top Holdings

QQQ is primarily made up of Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, and Tesla.


Which is Better QQQ or VUG?

QQQ and VUG are very similar investments.  However, VUG offers more diversification since it holds about 3 times as many stocks.

However, this hasn't significantly affected their performance over the last 3 years.

I would say both are excellent options for long-term investors for those reasons.

If having a larger basket of stocks helps you sleep at night, VUG would be a better option.

Lastly, it's important to consider costs and fees because they can cost you in the long run, as we saw from our example above.

That's why purchasing and selling your shares commission-free is essential.

Again a great way to do this is with M1 Finance. (Get $100 When You Use This Link To Create An Invest Account and Deposit $5,000 Within 30 Days)

You can purchase fractional shares for free, allowing you to buy VUG, QQQ, and thousands of other stocks/ETFs.

Here Are More Comparisons of QQQ and VUG:


Is VUG or QQQ Better for Financial Independence?

VUG or QQQ can get you to Financial Independence Retire Early (FIRE).  This is because they both have similar investment returns and low expense ratios.

Being part of the FIRE community, we aim for the lowest fees possible and are big fans of Vanguard.

FIRE Calculator

Calculate Your FI Number With My Free FIRE Calculator

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My Winner: VUG

My winner is VUG solely based on the lower expense ratio, and I love Vanguard.

Vanguard is a brokerage that is investor-owned.